Concepts for a Sub-millimetre Resolving Gamma Ray CT for Non- destructive Testing Applications
C. Zippe, A. Bieberle, D. Hoppe, U. Hampel
Institute of Safety Research, Forschungszentrum Rossendorf e.V., POB 51 01 19, 01314 Dresden, Germany, Email: C.Zippe@fzd.de
Recently we developed a high resolution gamma ray computed tomography (CT) system for process diagnostics. Typical application areas for the usage of high energy gamma quanta are nuclear fuel element bundles, chemical reactors, and hydrodynamic machines. In order to use gamma ray CT for non-destructive testing (NDT) applications, such as crack detection in metal parts, an increase in spatial resolution is often required. Therefore, we tested two different approaches to increase resolution. The first technique is spatial collimation, where scanning is performed with an additional tungsten collimator in front of the detector arc. The collimator comprises slits of 0.33 mm width to narrow the sampling radiation beams. Thereby, the collimator also provides additional protection against false detection of scattered gamma photons. For a full sampling of the projection space the collimated detector needs to be laterally moved in six steps in addition to the rotary scanning motion of the tomography system. This increases measurement time proportionally and further requires an additional precise translation stage. As an alternative we tested a so called wobbling scheme that has frequently been used with earlier emission and transmission type CT scanners to increase the slice image resolution. With the wobbling scheme the detector has to be displaced laterally like in the collimation technique, but the collimator is no longer used. Since the collimator is a heavy and expensive part this approach is attractive. However, to produce the same sharp projection information like with the collimated detector it is necessary to deconvolve the measurement data with the detector’s response function. In our article and presentation we will discuss the methods and compare results that have been obtained from practical measurements.
Keywords gamma ray tomography, high resolution
Copyright © International Society for Industrial Process Tomography, 2007. All rights reserved.