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International Society for Industrial Process Tomography

5th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography

Effect of Particle Shape on Fluidised Bed Hydrodynamics Using X-ray Tomography and Pressure Measurement


Q. Zhang1, C. Bellehumeur1, B. Wu1,2, Y. Li2, A. Kantzas1,2

1Department of Chemical & Petroleum Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 1N4, Email:

2Tomographic Imaging and Porous Media Laboratory, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 1N4


In gas-solids fluidised beds, particles with different shapes will affect bed packing properties, granular flow, and hydrodynamics. In this paper, an X-ray computer assisted tomography (CAT) scanner and pressure transducers were utilized to investigate the effect of particle shape on the behaviour of gas- solid flow in a 20-cm diameter column under ambient conditions. Glass beads and sand were used as solid phase, and air was used as gas phase. Two 2-D descriptors, roundness and aspect ratios were used to characterize the particle shape, which was measured by optical microscopy. The time- averaged bed voidage, voidage distribution and bed expansion were analysed at different superficial gas velocities and bed heights based on the reconstructed images. The estimated bubble diameter was obtained using pressure fluctuation analysis.

Keywords Particle shape; gas-solid fluidised bed; voidage; X-ray CAT

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